Spring Security真正的前后分离实现

Spring Security网络上很多前后端分离的示例很多都不是完全的前后分离,而且大家实现的方式各不相同,有的是靠自己写拦截器去自己校验权限的,有的页面是使用themleaf来实现的不是真正的前后分离,看的越多对Spring Security越来越疑惑,此篇文章要用最简单的示例实现出真正的前后端完全分离的权限校验实现。

1. pom.xml

主要依赖是
spring-boot-starter-security和jwt。

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework.bootgroupId>
    <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-webartifactId>
dependency>

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework.bootgroupId>
    <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-securityartifactId>
dependency>

<dependency>
    <groupId>io.jsonwebtokengroupId>
    <artifactId>jjwt-apiartifactId>
    <version>${jjwt.version}version>
dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>io.jsonwebtokengroupId>
    <artifactId>jjwt-implartifactId>
    <version>${jjwt.version}version>
dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>io.jsonwebtokengroupId>
    <artifactId>jjwt-jacksonartifactId>
    <version>${jjwt.version}version>
dependency>

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.apache.commonsgroupId>
    <artifactId>commons-lang3artifactId>
    <version>3.9version>
dependency>

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.projectlombokgroupId>
    <artifactId>lombokartifactId>
    <optional>trueoptional>
dependency>

2. User

@Data
@ToString
@NoArgsConstructor
@AllArgsConstructor
public class User implements UserDetails {

    private Long id;
    private String username;
    private String password;
    private Boolean enabled;
    private List authorities;


    @Override
    public Collection<? extends GrantedAuthority> getAuthorities() {
        return this.authorities;
    }

    @Override
    public String getPassword() {
        return this.password;
    }

    @Override
    public String getUsername() {
        return this.username;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean isAccountNonExpired() {
        return true;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean isAccountNonLocked() {
        return true;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean isCredentialsNonExpired() {
        return true;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean isEnabled() {
        return this.enabled;
    }
}

3. UserDetailsService

@RequiredArgsConstructor
@Service("userDetailsService")
public class UserDetailsServiceImpl implements UserDetailsService {


    @Autowired
    private PasswordEncoder passwordEncoder;


    @Override
    public User loadUserByUsername(String username) {

        List authorities = Arrays.asList(
                new SimpleGrantedAuthority("user:add"),
                new SimpleGrantedAuthority("user:view"),
                new SimpleGrantedAuthority("user:update"));
        User user = new User(1L, username, passwordEncoder.encode("123456"), true, authorities);

        if (user == null) {
            throw new UsernameNotFoundException("用户名或者密码错误");
        }

        return user;
    }
}

4. TokenProvider

/**
 * JWT Token提供器
 */
@Slf4j
@Component
public class TokenProvider implements InitializingBean {

    public static final String AUTHORITIES_KEY = "auth";
    private JwtParser jwtParser;
    private JwtBuilder jwtBuilder;


    @Override
    public void afterPropertiesSet() {
        // 必须使用最少88位的Base64对该令牌进行编码
        String secret = "必须使用最少88位的Base64对该令牌进行编码,一般是配置在application.yml中,需要预先定义好";
        byte[] keyBytes = Decoders.BASE64.decode(secret);
        Key key = Keys.hmacShaKeyFor(keyBytes);
        jwtParser = Jwts.parserBuilder().setSigningKey(key).build();
        jwtBuilder = Jwts.builder().signWith(key, SignatureAlgorithm.HS512);
    }


    public String createToken(Authentication authentication) {
        // 获取权限列表
        String authorities = authentication.getAuthorities().stream()
                .map(GrantedAuthority::getAuthority)
                .collect(Collectors.joining(","));

        return jwtBuilder
                // 加入ID确保生成的 Token 都不一致
                .setId(UUID.randomUUID().toString())
                // 权限列表
                .claim(AUTHORITIES_KEY, authorities)
                // username
                .setSubject(authentication.getName())
                // 过期时间
                .setExpiration(DateUtils.addDays(new Date(), 1))
                .compact();
    }


    /**
     * 从token中获取认证信息
     * @param token
     * @return
     */
    public Authentication getAuthentication(String token) {
        Claims claims = jwtParser.parseClaimsJws(token).getBody();
        Object authoritiesStr = claims.get(AUTHORITIES_KEY);
        Collection<? extends GrantedAuthority> authorities =
                authoritiesStr != null ?
                        Arrays.stream(authoritiesStr.toString().split(","))
                                .map(SimpleGrantedAuthority::new)
                                .collect(Collectors.toList()) : Collections.emptyList();
        User principal = new User(claims.getSubject(), "******", authorities);
        return new UsernamePasswordAuthenticationToken(principal, token, authorities);
    }
}

5. AccessDeniedHandler

@Component
public class JwtAccessDeniedHandler implements AccessDeniedHandler {

   @Override
   public void handle(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response, AccessDeniedException accessDeniedException) throws IOException {
      // 当用户在没有授权的情况下访问受保护的REST资源时,将调用此方法发送403 Forbidden响应
      response.sendError(HttpServletResponse.SC_FORBIDDEN, accessDeniedException.getMessage());
   }
}

6. AuthenticationEntryPoint

@Component
public class JwtAuthenticationEntryPoint implements AuthenticationEntryPoint {

    @Override
    public void commence(HttpServletRequest request,
                         HttpServletResponse response,
                         AuthenticationException authException) throws IOException {
        // 当用户尝试访问安全的REST资源而不提供任何凭据时,将调用此方法发送401响应
        response.sendError(HttpServletResponse.SC_UNAUTHORIZED, authException == null ? "Unauthorized" : authException.getMessage());
    }
}

7. TokenFilter

@Slf4j
@Component
public class TokenFilter extends GenericFilterBean {

    private TokenProvider tokenProvider;

    public TokenFilter(TokenProvider tokenProvider) {
        this.tokenProvider = tokenProvider;
    }


    @Override
    public void doFilter(ServletRequest servletRequest, ServletResponse servletResponse, FilterChain filterChain)
            throws IOException, ServletException {
        HttpServletRequest httpServletRequest = (HttpServletRequest) servletRequest;
        String bearerToken = httpServletRequest.getHeader("Authorization");
        String token = null;
        if (!StringUtils.isEmpty(bearerToken) && bearerToken.startsWith("Bearer")) {
            token = bearerToken.replace("Bearer", "");
        }

        if (!StringUtils.isEmpty(token)) {
            Authentication authentication = tokenProvider.getAuthentication(token);
            SecurityContextHolder.getContext().setAuthentication(authentication);
        }

        filterChain.doFilter(servletRequest, servletResponse);
    }
}

8. WebMvcConfigurer

@Configuration
@EnableWebMvc
public class WebMvcConfigurerAdapter implements WebMvcConfigurer {

    @Bean
    public CorsFilter corsFilter() {
        UrlBasedCorsConfigurationSource source = new UrlBasedCorsConfigurationSource();
        CorsConfiguration config = new CorsConfiguration();
        config.setAllowCredentials(true);
        config.addAllowedOrigin("*");
        config.addAllowedHeader("*");
        config.addAllowedMethod("*");
        source.registerCorsConfiguration("/**", config);
        return new CorsFilter(source);
    }
}

9. TokenConfigurer

@RequiredArgsConstructor
public class TokenConfigurer extends SecurityConfigurerAdapter<DefaultSecurityFilterChain, HttpSecurity> {


    private TokenProvider tokenProvider;

    public TokenConfigurer(TokenProvider tokenProvider) {
        this.tokenProvider = tokenProvider;
    }

    @Override
    public void configure(HttpSecurity http) {
        TokenFilter customFilter = new TokenFilter(tokenProvider);
        http.addFilterBefore(customFilter, UsernamePasswordAuthenticationFilter.class);
    }
}

10. SecurityConfig

@Configuration
@EnableWebSecurity
@RequiredArgsConstructor
@EnableGlobalMethodSecurity(prePostEnabled = true, securedEnabled = true)
public class SecurityConfig extends WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter {

    @Autowired
    private CorsFilter corsFilter;

    @Autowired
    private TokenProvider tokenProvider;

    @Autowired
    private JwtAuthenticationEntryPoint jwtAuthenticationEntryPoint;

    @Autowired
    private JwtAccessDeniedHandler jwtAccessDeniedHandler;


    @Bean
    public GrantedAuthorityDefaults grantedAuthorityDefaults() {
        // 去除 ROLE_ 前缀
        return new GrantedAuthorityDefaults("");
    }


    @Bean
    public PasswordEncoder passwordEncoder() {
        // 密码加密方式
        return new BCryptPasswordEncoder();
    }

    @Override
    protected void configure(HttpSecurity httpSecurity) throws Exception {
        httpSecurity
                // 禁用 CSRF
                .csrf().disable()
                .addFilterBefore(corsFilter, UsernamePasswordAuthenticationFilter.class)
                // 授权异常
                .exceptionHandling()
                .authenticationEntryPoint(jwtAuthenticationEntryPoint)
                .accessDeniedHandler(jwtAccessDeniedHandler)
                // 防止iframe 造成跨域
                .and()
                .headers()
                .frameOptions()
                .disable()
                // 不创建会话
                .and()
                .sessionManagement()
                .sessionCreationPolicy(SessionCreationPolicy.STATELESS)
                .and()
                .authorizeRequests()
                // 静态资源等等
                .antMatchers(
                        HttpMethod.GET,
                        "/*.html",
                        "/**/*.html",
                        "/**/*.css",
                        "/**/*.js",
                        "/webSocket/**"
                ).permitAll()
                // swagger 文档
                .antMatchers("/swagger-ui.html").permitAll()
                .antMatchers("/swagger-resources/**").permitAll()
                .antMatchers("/webjars/**").permitAll()
                .antMatchers("/*/api-docs").permitAll()
                // 文件
                .antMatchers("/avatar/**").permitAll()
                .antMatchers("/file/**").permitAll()
                // 阿里巴巴 druid
                .antMatchers("/druid/**").permitAll()
                // 放行OPTIONS请求
                .antMatchers(HttpMethod.OPTIONS, "/**").permitAll()
                // 不需要认证的接口
                .antMatchers("/auth/login").permitAll()
                // 所有请求都需要认证
                .anyRequest().authenticated()
                .and().apply(securityConfigurerAdapter());
    }



    private TokenConfigurer securityConfigurerAdapter() {
        return new TokenConfigurer(tokenProvider);
    }
}

11. AuthController

@RestController
@RequestMapping("/auth")
public class AuthController {

    @Autowired
    private TokenProvider tokenProvider;

    @Autowired
    private AuthenticationManagerBuilder authenticationManagerBuilder;


    @RequestMapping("/login")
    public String login() {
        UsernamePasswordAuthenticationToken authenticationToken =
                new UsernamePasswordAuthenticationToken("monday", "123456");
        // 会调用 UserDetailsService.loadUserByUsername
        Authentication authentication = authenticationManagerBuilder.getObject().authenticate(authenticationToken);
        SecurityContextHolder.getContext().setAuthentication(authentication);
        String token = tokenProvider.createToken(authentication);
        return token;
    }
}

12. UserController

@RestController
@RequestMapping("/user")
public class UserController {

    @RequestMapping("/add")
    @PreAuthorize("hasAnyRole(\'user:add\')")
    public String add() {
        return "user:add";
    }

    @RequestMapping("/update")
    @PreAuthorize("hasAnyRole(\'user:update\')")
    public String update() {
        return "user:update";
    }

    @RequestMapping("/view")
    @PreAuthorize("hasAnyRole(\'user:view\')")
    public String view() {
        return "user:view";
    }

    @RequestMapping("/delete")
    @PreAuthorize("hasAnyRole(\'user:delete\')")
    public String delete() {
        return "user:delete";
    }
}
Spring Security 真正的前后分离实现

访问有权限的接口。

Spring Security 真正的前后分离实现

访问没有权限的接口被拒绝。

Spring Security 真正的前后分离实现

13. Spring Security 认证和授权原理

  1. 用户登录会调用UserDetailsService对用户名和密码进行检查,返回用户名、密码、权限字符串列表,认证成功后就会将用户信息放在安全上下文中SecurityContext。
  2. 当用户访问带有权限的接口,Spring Security会调用TokenFilter获取到token,解析token并存入到安全上下文SecurityContext中,然后检查@PreAuthorize(“hasAnyRole(\’user:add\’)”)配置的权限字符串是否在SecurityContext中用户的authorities列表中,如果在表示有权限放行,如果不在表示没有权限,则执行AccessDeniedHandler返回。

内容出处:,

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