Nodejs+Express+Postgres+SSL+Token发布轻量级Restful API

摘要:使用NodeJs+Express框架快速构建轻量级API服务,向用户提供数据服务。本文使用JWT模块APP认证+SSL认证,提供安全可靠的HTTPS API应用请求服务并实现后台调度。

JWT注册及生成认证流程图

Nodejs+Express+Postgres+SSL+Token发布轻量级Restful API

用户密码注册及Token生成

NodeJs Express框架前后端交互流程图

Nodejs+Express+Postgres+SSL+Token发布轻量级Restful API

HTTP请求及响应

项目结构明细分析

config: 数据库连接信息及JWT认证秘钥

controllers:用户注册信息及生成Token

middleware:检测用户信息及Token是否正确

models:Sequelize模块向后台数据库创建并写入用户信息

routes:创建注册用户信息、Token信息等APIs

server.js:主程序调度入口

本文考虑到提供轻量级API服务,没有使用原有项目架构,将执行代码统一放在server.js执行。

Nodejs+Express+Postgres+SSL+Token发布轻量级Restful API

正式开始项目搭建:

Step1:下载Nodejs并检验

Nodejs+Express+Postgres+SSL+Token发布轻量级Restful API

Step2: 创建项目目录下载Nodejs依赖包并检测是否下载完成

mkdir restful-api
npm init -y  ##create a package.json automatically
npm install express sequelize pg pg-hstore body-parser cors jsonwebtoken bcryptjs --save
Nodejs+Express+Postgres+SSL+Token发布轻量级Restful API

Step3: 引入项目依赖包

const jwt = require(‘jsonwebtoken’); //used to create, sign, and verify tokens

const cors = require(‘cors’);

const pgsql = require(‘pg’);

const bodyParser = require(‘body-parser’);

const express = require(‘express’);

const app = express();

var fs = require(‘fs’);

var http = require(‘http’);

var https = require(‘https’);

const Sequelize = require(“sequelize”);

Step4: 创建HTTP/HTTPS请求

var credentials = {

key: fs.readFileSync(‘./private.pem’),

cert: fs.readFileSync(‘./file.crt’)

};

var httpsServer = https.createServer(credentials,app);

var httpServer = http.createServer(app)

var PORT = 8088;

var SSLPORT = 443;

httpServer.listen(PORT, function() {

console.log(‘HTTP Server is running on: http://localhost:%s’, PORT);

});

httpsServer.listen(SSLPORT, function() {

console.log(‘HTTPS Server is running on: https://localhost:%s’, SSLPORT);

});

Step5: 创建Postgres数据库连接,本文使用Huawei DWS

// parse application/json

app.use(bodyParser.json());

//create database connection

const conn = new pgsql.Client({

host: ‘ip’,//change to your host ip

port: 8000,

user: ‘dbadmin’,//your db username

password: ‘******’,//your db password

database: ‘postgres’,

poolSize: 5

});

conn.connect((err) =>{

if(err) throw err;

console.log(‘DWS Connected…’);

});

app.use(cors());

// 只支持
application/x-www-form-urlencoded 文件结构

// app.use(bodyParser.urlencoded({ extended: false }))

let jsonParser = bodyParser.json();

let urlencoded = bodyParser.urlencoded({ extended: false });

Step6: Sequelize模块声明用户信息,本文提前在DWS创建table users

module.exports = (sequelize, Sequelize) => {

const user = sequelize.define(“users”, {

name: {

type: Sequelize.STRING

},

pass: {

type: Sequelize.STRING

}

});

return user;

};

Step7: JWT模块注册用户信息并生成客户Token,本文在用户注册及信息认证做了修改

//signup username and password to database

app.post(‘/signup’, jsonParser, function (req, res) {

let name = req.body.name;

let pass = req.body.pass;

let sql_qurey = “insert into users values (‘”+name+”‘ ,'”+pass+”‘)”;

conn.query(sql_qurey, function (error, results) {

if (error) {

console.log(error)

}

res.send(JSON.stringify({“status”: 200, “message”: “User registered successfully!”, “response”: results.rows}));

})

});

//generate token

app.post(‘/signin’,jsonParser,(req,res)=>{

let name = req.body.name;

let pass = req.body.pass;

let sql_qurey = “select * from users where name='”+name+”‘ and pass='”+pass+”‘”;

conn.query(sql_qurey, function (error, results) {

if (results.rows==”) {

res.send(JSON.stringify({“status”: 404, “message”: “please check the username or password!”}));

} else {

let secret = “bezkoder-secret-key”

let token = jwt.sign({ name: req.body.name }, secret, {

expiresIn: 60*60*24*7 // 24*7 hours

});

res.status(200).send({

name: req.body.name,

accessToken: token

});

}

})

});

Step8: 检测用户Token是否有效

//每次切换都去调用此接口 用来判断token是否失效 或者过期

app.post(‘/checkUser’,jsonParser,(req,res)=>{

let token = req.get(“Authorization”); // 从Authorization中获取token

let secretOrPrivateKey=”bezkoder-secret-key”; // 这是加密的key(密钥)

jwt.verify(token, secretOrPrivateKey, (err, decode)=> {

if (err) { // 时间失效的时候 || 伪造的token

res.send({‘status’:10010, “message”: “token is invalid, please make in mind the token valid date is 24*7h!”});

} else {

res.send({‘status’:10000, “message”: “token is valid, please make sure you have updated your token every week!”});

}

})

});

Step9: 自定义API接口,提供数据服务

//get data from database

app.get(‘/Inbound/:data_year’, function (req, res) {

//var data_year = req.params.data_year;

console.log(“######################################”);

// check header or url parameters or post parameters for token

var token = req.body.token || req.query.token || req.headers[‘x-access-token’];

// decode token

if (token) {

// verifies secret and checks exp

let secret = “bezkoder-secret-key”

jwt.verify(token, secret, function(err, decoded) {

console.log(err);

if (err) {

return res.json({ success: false, message: ‘Failed to authenticate token.’ });

} else {

// if everything is good, save to request for use in other routes

req.decoded = decoded;

//sql

let sql_qurey = “select * from tables”;//change to your SQL query

//query(sql,callback)

if(req.protocol === ‘https’) {

conn.query(sql_qurey, function (error, results) {

if (error) {

console.log(error)

}

//res.send(JSON.stringify({“status”: 200, “error”: null, “response”: results}));

res.send(JSON.stringify(results.rows));

//conn.end();

//conn.end();

})

}

else {

conn.query(sql_qurey, function (error, results) {

if (error) {

console.log(error)

}

//res.send(JSON.stringify({“status”: 200, “error”: null, “response”: results}));

res.send(JSON.stringify(results.rows));

//conn.end();

//conn.end();

})

}

}

});

} else {

// if there is no token

// return an error

return res.status(403).send({

success: false,

message: ‘No token provided.’

});

}

});

Step10: 启动项目代码,Postman检测API服务,是否可以成功获取数据

启动index.js

Postman注册用户登录信息及后台用户检测

Postman生成Token

Postman发送HTTPS/HTTP请求获取数据

Nodejs+Express+Postgres+SSL+Token发布轻量级Restful API

启动index.js

Nodejs+Express+Postgres+SSL+Token发布轻量级Restful API

注册用户信息

Nodejs+Express+Postgres+SSL+Token发布轻量级Restful API

数据库后台检测用户是否存在

Nodejs+Express+Postgres+SSL+Token发布轻量级Restful API

生成Token

Nodejs+Express+Postgres+SSL+Token发布轻量级Restful API

HTTPS请求及响应

Nodejs+Express+Postgres+SSL+Token发布轻量级Restful API

HTTP请求及响应

Nodejs+Express+Postgres+SSL+Token发布轻量级Restful API

Pycharm HTTPS请求及响应

Step11: 后台启动

let Service = require(‘node-windows’).Service;

let svc = new Service({

name: ‘RestfulAPI’, //服务名称

description: ‘RestfulAPI for sharing data’, //描述

script: ‘C:/nodejs/restful-api/’ //nodejs项目要启动的文件路径

});

svc.on(‘install’, () => {

svc.start();

});

svc.install();

Nodejs+Express+Postgres+SSL+Token发布轻量级Restful API

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